By Jørn Olsen, Kaare Christensen, Jeff Murray, Anders Ekbom

An advent to Epidemiology for well-being Professionals

Jorn Olsen, Kaare Christensen, Jeff Murray, and Anders Ekbom

Who will get unwell? What factors—genetic, environmental, social—contribute to their illness?

Easy adequate to invite, however the solutions have gotten more and more advanced. this present day, because the public concerns approximately rising ailments and the observe epidemic is a part of the overall dialogue, epidemiology could be a uncomplicated element of clinical education, but frequently it truly is undertaught or perhaps ignored. Concise and readable whereas additionally rigorous and thorough, An creation to Epidemiology for healthiness Professionals is going past ordinary textbook content material to floor the reader in medical equipment so much suitable to the present future health panorama and the evolution of evidence-based medicine—valuable keys to higher realizing of illness technique, potent prevention, and precise therapy. This volume:

  • Presents fabric accessibly for readers who could have now not studied epidemiology.
  • Focuses both in descriptive and analytic branches of epidemiology.
  • Demonstrates functions of descriptive and analytic tools in public health and wellbeing, genetic epidemiology, and scientific epidemiology.
  • Includes a "Sources of mistakes" part addressing difficulties in inference and decision-making, choice bias, and different universal pitfalls.

In addition to its usefulness for graduate scholars in public health and wellbeing and scientific scholars in medical epidemiology, An advent to Epidemiology for future health Professionals is a well timed reference for practitioners wanting a refresher during this vital self-discipline.

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Extra resources for An Introduction to Epidemiology for Health Professionals

Sample text

The existence of slow growing prostate cancers that will produce no or only mild clinical symptoms within a natural life span, combined with differences over time in diagnostic intensity, as well as changes in the way of reporting underlying causes of death, can at least partly explain such trends. Prostate cancer is probably the most unsuitable of all cancer forms to assess the impact of new interventions based on changes in incidence. This becomes evident if one compares temporal trends in incidence and mortality in prostate cancer between Sweden and Norway, two populations with very similar ethnic roots and lifestyles.

The following three different examples illustrate that – one dealing with recommendations given to the general public, the second with screening, and the third changes in the treatment over time. J. 1007/978-1-4419-1497-2_7, C Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010 43 44 7 Descriptive Epidemiology in Clinical Epidemiology Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) SIDS is defined as the sudden unexpected death of an infant aged younger than 1 year where the circumstances of death have failed to provide a sufficient alternative explanation.

In this understanding, the etiologic fractions need not be of the same magnitude as the attributable fraction. One can also imagine that the attributable fraction is 0 and the etiologic fraction is greater than 0. Assume an aggressive smoking cessation program that works for some smokers but makes other smokers continue smoking although they were prepared to quit the habit. If both groups are of equal size the attributable fraction of the smoking cessation program could be 0 and the etiologic fraction is represented by those who quit smoking because of the program.

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