Forim@ge Books > Nonfiction 9 > An Ecological and Societal Approach to Biological Control by Jørgen Eilenberg (auth.), J. EILENBERG, H.M.T. HOKKANEN

An Ecological and Societal Approach to Biological Control by Jørgen Eilenberg (auth.), J. EILENBERG, H.M.T. HOKKANEN

By Jørgen Eilenberg (auth.), J. EILENBERG, H.M.T. HOKKANEN (eds.)

Biological keep watch over is without doubt one of the so much promising equipment for keep watch over of pests (including vectors), ailments and weeds. during this publication ecological and societal facets are for the 1st time handled jointly. In an ecological technique the purpose is to guage the importance of yes organic homes like biodiversity and normal habitats. additionally, you will need to see organic keep watch over from an natural (or ecological) farming standpoint. In a societal method phrases like ‘consumer’s attitude’, ‘risk perception’, ‘learning and schooling’ and ‘value triangle’ are acknowledged as major for organic creation and human welfare.

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WYSS AND V. 2. Development of organic farming in a socio-economic context Organic farming principles and standards/regulations reflect the current state of agriculture and society and should not be seen as a final statement, but rather as a work in progress (IFOAM, 2002). This is illustrated by the following, brief history of organic farming. The roots of organic farming can be traced back to the 1920s, when a few pioneers searched for alternative methods of agricultural production. Their goal was to develop a production method which was appropriate for living systems and which could promote human well-being and harmony between humans and the cosmos.

Their purpose is to protect the health of consumers and to ensure fair practices in food trade (Codex Alimentarius Commission, 1999/2001). The ‘guidelines for the production, processing, marketing and labelling of organically produced foods’ (hereafter called ‘Codex guidelines’) were published in 1999 and revised in 2001. These guidelines were the result of extensive consultations of the delegates, which were mainly representatives of national governments and IFOAM as a private organization. The Codex guidelines for organically produced food therefore represent a broad international consensus about the nature of organic production.

The prospect of losing this economic activity and the source of food, employment, and income, because of the invasive water hyacinth, was alarming. In addition, Lake Victoria was also experiencing what is called the greatest extinction of vertebrates in modern times: 30 years earlier there were about 500 fish species in the lake, and more than half of them went extinct, including Oreochromis esculentus, which used to be the main species caught for food. In total, the existence of some 30 million people along the shores of the lake was endangered (Collis, 2000).

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