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Amiens 1918 - The Black Day of the German Army by Alistair McCluskey

By Alistair McCluskey

Throughout the spring of 1918 Germany have been at the offensive at the Western entrance yet had didn't holiday the Allies at any element. In July that they had been pressured again from the river Marne and have been once more at the shielding. The Allies have been now able to bring up the strain. The Amiens sector was once chosen and arrangements have been made in nice secrecy with diversionary task at different issues at the line. 32 divisions have been concerned (twelve French, 8 British, 5 Australian, 4 Canadian and one American) supported via over 500 tanks and overwhelming airpower. the 1st day observed an Allied enhance of five miles throughout a 12-mile entrance, with over 27,000 German casualties. growth used to be then much less amazing yet by the point the conflict ended on August eleven Germany had misplaced 75,000 males, and suffered a serious blow to morale. Amiens used to be remarkable for its profitable software of the recent combined-arms strategies, absolutely integrating infantry, artillery, armor and airpower on the graduation of the Allies' ultimate, war-winning offensive. released at the ninetieth anniversary of the conflict, this booklet units the strategic scene and obviously describes the struggling with, highlighting the importance of the newly constructed tools of battle and detailing the troop events that led to the leap forward and fast boost that was once completed.

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The combined forces of the French 42nd and 153rd divisions cleared the final Bavarian defenders out of Mezieres and the Bois du De almost simultaneously. As a preparatory bombardment was being fired on Mezieres, troops of both divisions noted a lack of defensive fire coming from the village. Realizing that the village was unoccupied by the Germans they quickly moved 53 FRENCH FORCES: 1 1/332nd Tank Company 2 2/332nd Tank Company 3 3/332nd Tank Company 49th Company, 3rd Tirailleur Battalion SlOth Company, 3rd Tirailleur Battalion 6 11 th Company, 3rd Tirailleur Battalion 79th Company, 9th Tirailleur Battalion 8 10th Company, 9th Tirailleur Battalion 9 12th Company, 9th Tirailleur Battalion 1021 st Company, 6/332nd Infantry Regiment 11 22nd Company, 6/332nd Infantry Regiment 12 23rd Company, 6/332nd Infantry Regiment 13 1st Company, 16th Battalion de Chasseurs Pied 14 2nd Company, 16th Battalion de Chasseurs Pied 15 3rd Company, 16th Battalion de Chasseurs Pied 16 4th Company, 16th Battalion de Chasseurs Pied 17 5th Company, 16th Battalion de Chasseurs Pied a a a a a EVENTS 1 1830hrs: artillery barrage fired on Fresnoy and the Petit Bois.

The Austin had a 30hp engine which gave a top speed of 56km/ph. Each of its twin turrets was armed with a single Hotchkiss machine gun and it had armour plate up to 6mm thick. A design peculiarity of this vehicle was a rear-facing driving position. (IWM E(Aus) 3099) 42 Cerisy by six tanks; however, the narrow defile between the steep riverbank and the Somme caused the tanks to withdraw back through the village and attempt to climb the ridge south of Cerisy from the west. As the 14th continued their advance over the crest of the ridge they came under fire from two companies of the I/97th Infantry Regiment and the machine-gun companies of the 201st and 202nd infantry regiments.

2 1915hrs: 332nd Tank Company commences attack. 1st Tank Section under Adjutant Souzac opens fire on the north-western edge of Fresnoy. The 10th and 11 th companies of the 3rd Tirailleur Battalion commence a flank attack from the north of Fresnoy. The 9th Company commences an attack on Fresnoy from the south and secures the south-eastern edge of village. 3 The 9th Tirailleur Battalion see the assault of the rd Bn. to their left and immediately launches an assault from the west. The tirailleurs secure the southern part of the village.

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