By Ray Upton et al. (eds.)

Winner of the James A. Duke Award for Excellence in Botanical Literature Award from the yank Botanical CouncilCompiled by means of the yankee natural Pharmacopoeia®, this quantity addresses the inability of authoritative microscopic descriptions of these medicinal plant species at the moment in alternate. It comprises an atlas offering precise textual content and photo descriptions of greater than one hundred forty medicinal plant species and their  Read more...

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3 Example of the type of illustration in early herbals. 4 Valeriana officinalis of Fabio Columna’s (aka Fabio Colonna; 1567–1650) Phytobasanos (Plant Touchstone, 1592). Columna, who learned botany while looking for a cure for his epilepsy, learned of the valerian of Dioscorides, was grateful for the efficacy of the herbs of the day, and appalled at the inexactness of the botanical descriptions of early herbals. He set out to bring more botanical precision to medical works. This was the first herbal that used copper etchings rather than the earlier wood blocks.

In recent decades, pharmacognosy has mostly been absorbed under the general heading of pharmaceutical sciences, losing its unique identity. This has spurred emotional and prolonged debate of whether the term pharmacognosy clearly or fully describes everything encompassed in the discipline today. indb 4 term pharmacognosy in lieu of nomenclature more befitting the modern manifestation of natural products chemistry, structural elucidation, biological screening, and pharmacognosy as a molecular science.

7 In 1838, German botanist and professor of natural sciences (Jena) Mathias Jacob Schleiden announced that the cell was the fundamental unit in plants. (From Robinson, V. 1912. Pathfinders in Medicine. ) species. In addition to its utility in determining plant part identity, botanical microscopy was widely used to identify adulterating species, detect the presence of contaminants, and even assess the relative quality of a plant drug—for example, determining whether a plant material had previously been subjected to extraction.

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