By Gerald MacLean
Drawing on unique study, together with in-depth interviews with President Abdullah Gül himself in addition to his spouse and shut circle of co-workers and buddies, this interesting account deals a portrait of a guy who has been on the middle of the political, monetary, and cultural advancements that experience introduced Turkey to foreign prominence lately. In 2002 Abdullah Gül's democratically elected social gathering received energy and challenged Turkey's political and spiritual legacy. almost immediately after, Gül turned a key participant in Turkey's makes an attempt to obtain an accession date for the eu Union. In 2007 he grew to become the 1st president of Turkey who used to be additionally a religious Muslim — inflicting political commentators to hail his victory as a new period in Turkish politics" — and he has considering the fact that been a huge determine in Turkey's diplomatic relationships within the heart East and foreign political arena.
An crucial resource for college students of up to date Turkish culture...
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Extra resources for Abdullah Gul and the Making of the New Turkey
Abdullah Gül recalls a childhood spent within the ‘large yard of our house, which was in the middle of the city. We used to call the yard “hayat” as it is named in Turkish architecture meaning “life”. We used to spend all of our time there, grandparents, uncles, aunts. ’4 Secure within the family but growing up right in the heart of the city, young Abdullah Gül had only to cross what is now Inönü Boulevard to find himself wandering among memorials to Kayseri’s glorious past: the walls of the Byzantine citadel, and the magnificent thirteenth-century Selçuk Honat Hatun mosque complex, complete with still-functioning bath-house (hamam) spewing steam into the air as it has done for eight centuries.
An auspicious birthday Abdullah Gül was born on 29 October 1950, a doubly auspicious date. As every Turk knows, it was on that day in 1923 that six hundred years of the Ottoman Empire came to an end when the first session of the Grand National Assembly met in Ankara and voted to approve a resolution proclaiming ‘the form of government of the Turkish state is a Republic’. Later that day, Mustafa Kemal was elected first president of the republic and Ankara became capital of the new republic. Until his death in 1938, Atatürk ruled through a single-party system, enforcing – some say autocratically – reforms that aimed to modernize and secularize the new nation state that emerged in Anatolia after the Western powers had attempted to carve up the former Islamic empire at Sèvres, and later succeeded in doing so at Lausanne while acknowledging Atatürk’s military victories and territorial claims in Anatolia.
Opposing rule by the ancient Patriarchate of Istanbul for being primarily concerned with ethnic Greeks and promoting the interests of the Greek state, Karahisaritis and his colleagues declared their loyalty to the new Turkish Republic, including promises to use Turkish in their liturgy. Doubtless in anticipation of the debates currently raging in Lausanne over management of the population exchange, Karahisaritis – who was appointed Papa Eftim I – declared that Muslims and Christians in Cappadocia had proved they could live together.