By Leslie A. Schuster
During this examine of the lifestyles and paintings of Saint-Nazaire's shipbuilding staff within the 30 years prior to international warfare I, Schuster indicates that the results of business creation for employees differed sharply in accordance with their assets and reports. She information the competing identities and divergent values maintained by means of shipbuilding employees, demonstrating that they have been fostered via the interplay among country courses, commercial creation, and the traditions pursued within the neighborhood realm. 3rd Republic monetary guidelines for shipbuilding promoted unemployment and employee dependence on kingdom officers over union leaders, and the asymmetric program of capitalist equipment of creation intended a number of office studies that additional undercut organization.
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Additional info for A Workforce Divided: Community, Labor, and the State in Saint-Nazaire's Shipbuilding Industry, 1880-1910
In one working-class district alone, the area known as Mean-Penhouet, the residential population fell from 2,524 in 1865 to 1,555. 86 The closure of Penhouet left Saint-Nazaire resembling a dying town rather than a bustling city with a bright and promising future. Saint-Nazaire's third economic renewal, beginning in the mid-1870s, proved qualitatively different from its predecessors. 87 Once production began at the shipyards and at the nearby Trignac steel factory, which employed 800 workers in the manufacture of steel plates and bars, SaintNazaire's population increased from about 16,000 in 1882 to 20,182 in 1886 and then to nearly 35,000 by 1901.
Gueriff, "Saint-Nazaire sous la Ule Republique," 103-105; Durand, "Le Port de Saint-Nazaire," 14; Colin, Nantes et Saint-Nazaire, 32; Audiganne, La Region, 11; Sarraut, Le Probleme, 143; Board of Trade, Cost of Living, 230-234. 49. Board of Trade, Cost of Living, 145, 207, 291; Audiganne, La Region, 11. 50. Board of Trade, Cost of Living, 56, 210, 230, 288-291, 322; Societe de Geographie Commerciale, Saint-Nazaire, 52; Audiganne, La Region, 11. 51. The steady growth of Saint-Nazaire's maritime activity did little to alleviate widespread unemployment.
Gilbert Leguen, "D'une Revolution Manquee a une Revolution Possible," in Histoire de la Bretagne, edited by J. Delumeau (Toulouse: Privat, 1969), 464. 5. " Language, Culture and Identity in Brittany (London: Routledge, 1989), 4; Gras, "Les Disparites Economiques," 339; Leguen, "D'une Revolution Manquee," 468469; Michel Lagree, Religion et Cultures en Bretagne (1850-1950) (Paris: Fayard, 1992), 215. 6. Leguen, "D'une Revolution Manquee," 464. 7. Gustave Flaubert and Maxime du Camp, Par les Champs et Par les Greves, edited by Adrianne J.