By J Lee Thompson
Whilst Alfred Milner (1854-1925) used to be knighted, he took as his motto Communis Patria, 'patriotism for our universal country'. by way of this he intended the broader patriotism of the British Empire, the furthering of which he made his life's paintings. this can be the 1st research of Milner to take his politics, or 'constructive' imperialism as its fundamental subject. His occupation is tested as a complete, from the genesis of his imperial ideology at Oxford, via his time as excessive Commissioner in South Africa in the course of the Boer warfare, to his days as Minister of conflict in the course of the ultimate seven months of the 1st global battle. Famously, Milner propagated his principles via his 'kindergarten', a gaggle of like-minded younger male acolytes. during this interesting ebook, J Lee Thompson additionally discovers a bunch of younger girl supporters of his imaginative and prescient. This booklet relies on large fundamental learn in documents within the united kingdom, North the United States and South Africa.
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Additional resources for A Wider Patriotism: Alfred Milner and the British Empire (Empires in Perspective)
The standing army ‘never need be large’ but should be ‘the most perfect’ to be found anywhere in intelligence, training, equipment and mobility, and needed more scientific officers. Milner admitted that he wished volunteering were made universal. He did not believe in great standing armies, but did believe in the military training of all citizens. 33 The ‘only true spirit’ in which to approach foreign policy, Milner concluded, was one of ‘enlightened patriotism’. He was no ‘cosmopolitan’. He had ‘no sympathy with the “patriots of every country but their own”’.
A few months before the Charter was granted he had corresponded with the imperialist missionary John Mackenzie, who was worried about the commercial designs of Rhodes on his beloved Bechuanaland. Milner told his friend that he quite agreed with him ‘as to the respective spheres of Imperial administration and commercial enterprise. ’ He ranked the ‘pushing advance guard of commerce and speculation among these’. While he would not allow them the responsibility of governing, he felt it would be a ‘misfortune if we set them against us and threw them into the arms of those who want to substitute the Cape Colony for Great Britain as the supreme power’.
Ninety-three Liberals voted against the measure. In the following election the Conservatives kept their pledge not to challenge the Liberal Unionists where this might give the race to a Gladstonian. Goschen was defeated at East Edinburgh, but otherwise the July 1886 contest proved a triumph for the combined Conservative and Liberal Unionist cause: 316 Conservatives, 78 Liberal Unionists, 191 Gladstonian Liberals and 85 Irish Nationalists were returned. On 20 July, the same day Gladstone resigned, at a meeting of Liberal Unionists a large majority opposed a coalition, afraid of being absorbed into the Conservative Party.