By John Majewski

Professor Majewski compares Virginia and Pennsylvania to provide an explanation for how slavery undermined the improvement of the southern economic system. at the start of the 19th century, citizens in each one kingdom financed transportation advancements to elevate land values and spur advertisement progress. besides the fact that, by way of the 1830s, Philadelphia capitalists all started financing Pennsylvania's railroad community, construction built-in structures that reached the Midwest. Virginia's railroads remained a set of strains with no western connections. the inability of a huge urban which may supply capital and site visitors for large-scale railroads used to be the weak point of Virginia's slave economic system.

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Extra resources for A House Dividing: Economic Development in Pennsylvania and Virginia Before the Civil War (Studies in Economic History and Policy)

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Robert Branham to Bezaleel Brown, May 5, 1805, Brown Family Papers, UVA. Developmental Corporations in a Slave-Labor Society 17 but it is reasonable to assume that Brown would expect to see the same deference at the polls, especially since voting in nineteenth-century Virginia was a public act. Benjamin H. Magruder may have had similar expectations when he asked planter John H. Cocke whether he could loan "Mr. 13 Cocke and Magruder were strong Whigs - did they expect Burton to vote accordingly?

Nor were Albemarle's planters passive investors, for they also provided much of the political, organizational, and engineering skills necessary to run the transportation companies. They lobbied the state legislature for charters, lent their names and prestige to petition drives, chaired the town meetings that organized the enterprises, and served as corporate officers. William H. Meriwether, for example, invested $1,000 in the Rivanna Navigation Company. As a board member of the company, he frequently surveyed and oversaw the works, eventually becoming president in 1836.

277. "Association," Southern Planter \ (October 1841), p. 189. "Rules and Regulations of the Agricultural Society of Albemarle," American Farmer 1 (12 November 1819), pp. 262-63; "Premiums offered by the Agricultural Society of Albemarle," American Farmer \ (igNovember 1819), p. 272; andjas. Barbour, "Cultivation of Wheat," American Farmer 1(17 December 1819), pp. 300-01. For the early history of the American Farmer and the agricultural reform press, see Demaree, American Agricultural Press, pp.

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