By G. A Shepperd

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Extra info for A History of War and Weapons, 1660 to 1918

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Parapet e. b. Terre plein d. Chemin de rondes f. away at Fosse or moat Parapet such an angle that the guns g. Glacis h. Outer fosse in the bastions could sweep the glacis and the open ground in front. Between the moat and the glacis was a 'covered way' which had no overhead cover, but was a road running below the lip of the glacis that enabled musketeers to reach any sector that was threatened. The musketeers could then man the counterscarp or firestep and fire down the slope at any attackers. If forced back, the musketeers withdrew by plank bridges across the moat, or by tunnels underneath, to the main ramparts.

The real need was for horse-drawn guns that were sufficiently light to keep up with the cavalry. Carriages were constructed with wheels of larger diameter, and a trail in the form of shafts for a horse. If the weight was kept down and the balance correct, the horse could gallop the gun forward into position. These 'galloper' guns were the forerunners of field artillery, and the German version fired an 8or 4-pound shot. The introduction of horse artillery is attributed to Frederick the Great who employed a number of galloper guns firing 3 -pound shot.

However, were dragoons also charging at the gallop, and said that any squadron that could not charge 2,000 paces at full speed without breaking was not fit for active service. The dragoons were not only used for reconnoitring and outpost duty, 57 A Cossack Great Captains but were also trained to skirmish in front of the army. The third rank was specially drilled to work in open order and then retire rapidly and form up in the rear. As de Saxe placed such importance on mobility and offensive action considered it is strange to read in his book that he dragoons should could be used as pikes all carry lances when dismounted, and which that all cavalry should wear light armour.

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