By Marc Romanych,Martin Rupp, et al.ePub Direct|Osprey Publishing Ltd||Osprey PublishingAdult NonfictionHistoryLanguage(s): EnglishOn sale date: 20.01.2014Street date: 20.01.2014
In the early days of global conflict I, Germany unveiled a brand new weapon – the cellular 42cm (16.5 inch) M-Gerät howitzer. on the time, it used to be the most important artillery piece of its type on this planet and a heavily guarded mystery. while warfare broke out, of the howitzers have been rushed without delay from the manufacturing facility to Liege the place they speedy destroyed forts and forced the fort to give up. After repeat performances at Namur, Maubeuge and Antwerp, German squaddies christened the howitzers 'Grosse' or 'Dicke Berta' (Fat or significant Bertha) after Bertha von Krupp, proprietor of the Krupp armament works that outfitted the howitzers. The nickname was once quickly picked up by way of German press which triumphed the 42cm howitzers as Wunderwaffe (wonder weapons), and the legend of huge Bertha used to be born. This ebook information the layout and improvement of German siege weapons prior to and through international warfare I. Accompanying the textual content are many infrequent, never-before-published photos of 'Big Bertha' and the opposite German siege guns....
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Extra info for 42cm "Big Bertha" and German Siege Artillery of World War I
R. howitzer of SKM Battery 6 in action on the Eastern Front in August 1915. (M. Romanych) To mitigate the bombardment, the French partially evacuated their defenses, returned artillery fire, and even launched an attack to neutralize the main grouping of German artillery northeast of the fortress. However, the measures were inadequate, and on September 5, the VII Reserve Corps launched an assault. French troops resisted stubbornly and only the interval works of Bersillies and La Salmagne were seized.
Coarse azimuth adjustments were made using a large handwheel mounted on the front of the howitzer and then refined using a smaller handwheel mounted on the carriage. Barrel elevation for firing was between 43 and 66 degrees. A safety mechanism ensured that the howitzer could only fire when the barrel was elevated. A handwheel on the carriage moved a series of worm gears that raised and lowered the barrel. The recoil system was hydro-pneumatic with two large recuperators mounted above the barrel and two air recoil brakes and air tanks underneath.
Barrel elevation for firing was between 43 and 66 degrees. A safety mechanism ensured that the howitzer could only fire when the barrel was elevated. A handwheel on the carriage moved a series of worm gears that raised and lowered the barrel. The recoil system was hydro-pneumatic with two large recuperators mounted above the barrel and two air recoil brakes and air tanks underneath. Munitions were delivered to the howitzer using a four-wheel cart mounted on a short section of narrow-gauge rail.