By Angus Konstam
A strategically vital typical harbor within the Orkney Islands, Scapa move served as Britain's major fleet anchorage in the course of global Wars I and II. It held Jellicoe's Grand Fleet from 1914-18, and it used to be from the following that it sailed out to do conflict with the Germans at Jutland in 1916. In 1914 the British started development a entire shielding community through fortifying the entrances to Scapa stream after which extending those defenses to hide such a lot of Orkney. those static defenses have been augmented with increase nets, naval patrols and minefields, developing the most important fortified naval base on the earth. With the outbreak of the second one international struggle, Scapa movement back proved preferably located to counter the German naval possibility and served because the base for Britain's domestic Fleet. regardless of consistent assaults from airplane and U-boats, considered one of which controlled to sink the British battleship Royal Oak, the defenses of Scapa movement have been back augmented and superior. via 1940, Orkney had develop into an island castle, the biggest built-in protecting community of its type in Europe, manned by means of as many as 50,000 Commonwealth troops. subsidized via newly commissioned paintings, naval historian Angus Konstam tells the tale of this powerful naval castle, many items of that can nonetheless be visible at the island this day.